Tooth Sensitivity: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Tooth Sensitivity: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Tooth sensitivity typically occurs in exposed root surfaces where gums are pulled back from tooth surfaces. The main symptom of tooth sensitivity is tingle and pain during the consumption of food and beverages, when under normal conditions patient do...

Overview

Tooth sensitivity typically occurs in exposed root surfaces where gums are pulled back from tooth surfaces. The main symptom of tooth sensitivity is tingle and pain during the consumption of food and beverages, when under normal conditions patient doesn’t feel any discomfort. People with sensitive teeth may experience pain or discomfort as a response to certain triggers. The most common triggers include ice cream, cold or acidic beverages, hot or cold foods.

 

Sensitive teeth symptoms generally occurs in two ways. The first is external effects caused by consumption of hot or cold foods and beverages. The second is internally originating sensitivity that occurs spontaneously.

 

Tooth sensitivity varies from patient to patient. Some patients feel low sensitivity and recovers spontaneously but some patients feel high discomfort, and it may be necessary to see a dentist due to orthodontic problems. Therefore, instead of waiting for the pain to recover spontaneously, examination is recommended according to the degree of sensitivity.

 

Possible Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

 

Tooth sensitivity basically occurs on pulp layer, which becomes more vulnerable to external conditions as a result of erosion or damage to enamel or dentin layers of teeth. Erosions may occur due to improper use of toothbrushes or orthodontic jaw closing problems. Tooth grinding may also be another reason of tooth sensitivity due to excessive force and trauma. It should be considered that tooth sensitivity should not be confused with decayed or broken teeth. For this reason, an examination should be done in order to make a personal diagnosis for tooth sensitivity.

 

Treatment Options For Tooth Sensitivity

 

Treatment options varies depending on condition and cause of tooth sensitivity. There are treatments that can be applied both at clinic and home to reduce or remove sensitivity. Your primary choice should be clinical, as a specialist dentist’s examination can offer problem-focused treatment options. For example, the sensitivity caused by a shallow decay can be removed with filling or the pain caused by a deeper decay can be cured with root canal procedure. Restorative dental veneers treatment can be applied for fractures and cracks on teeth. If the problem is caused by proportional disorders on jaw closure, orthodontic treatments such as Invisalign can be applied to straighten the teeth back into correct alignment. Sensitivity may be due to teeth grinding (Bruxism) or clenching teeth, which may require the use of a mouth guard (night plate) that is specially prepared for you. Therefore, a specialist dentist examination is required for the treatment and cure of tooth sensitivity. 

 

For home use, you can try a fluoride gel and mouthwash. You can easily find products containing fluoride or use toothpastes containing high concentrated fluoride that can be prescribed by a dentist. However, you can also use special toothpastes developed for oral hygiene and tooth sensitivity to reduce your sensitivity.

 

Keywords:

Tooth sensitivity, Sensitive teeth, Tooth enamel, Bruxism (jaw clenching), Teeth grinding

 

10.05.2021

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